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Healthy Joint vs Damage to bone and cartilage

• Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints.
• Symptoms of Arthritis include pain, stiffness, and limited function of joints.
• People living with Arthritis include men and women, children, and adults.
• Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid Arthritis are common types of Arthritis.
• A rheumatologist is a medical arthritis expert.
An earlier and accurate diagnosis can help to prevent irreversible damage and disability from joint disease.

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is an area of the body where two different bones meet. Joint functions to move the body parts connected by its bones. Arthritis means inflammation of one or more joints. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by joint pain. Joint pain is referred to as arthralgia. When four or more joints are involved, the Arthritis is referred to as polyarthritis. When two or three joints are concerned, it is referred to as oligoarthritis. When only a single joint is involved, it is referred to as monoarthritis.

How many types of Arthritis exist?

There are many types of Arthritis (over 100 identified). The types of arthritis range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis) to those associated with inflammation resulting from a misdirected immune system (such as rheumatoid Arthritis). While osteoarthritis and rheumatoid Arthritis are common types of Arthritis, there are many other common and uncommon types of Arthritis.

Different types of inflammatory Arthritis include
• psoriatic Arthritis,
• ankylosing spondylitis, and
• reactive Arthritis.
• Types of infectious Arthritis include septic arthritis and Lyme arthritis.

Together, the many types of Arthritis make up the most common chronic illness in the United States. Self-limited forms of Arthritis can occur in association with virus infections.

Arthritis Symptoms

Joint pain can be caused by injury affecting any of the ligaments, bursae, or tendons surrounding the joint. Trauma can also change the ligaments, cartilage, and bones within the joint. Pain is also a feature of joint inflammation (Arthritis, such as rheumatoid Arthritis and osteoarthritis) and infection, and extremely rarely it can be a cause of cancer of the joint.

Symptoms and signs associated with joint pain can include
• joint redness,
• joint swelling,
• joint tenderness,
• joint warmth,
• limping,
• locking of the joint,
• loss of range of motion of the joint,
• stiffness,
• weakness.

What are the arthritis symptoms and signs? 

Symptoms of Arthritis include pain and limited function of joints. Joint inflammation from Arthritis is characterized by joint stiffness, swelling, redness, pain, and warmth.
• Stiffness of the joint can lead to reduced function.
• Tenderness of the inflamed joint can be present with or without pain.
• When large bones are involved, such as the knee, there can be loss of cartilage with a limited motion from the joint damage.
• When Arthritis affects the small joints in fingers, there can be bone growth and decline of hand grip and grip strength of the hand associated with stiffness.
• Arthritis of weight-bearing joints can lead to difficulty walking from poor joint function and arthritis pain.

Many of the forms of Arthritis, because they are rheumatic diseases, can cause symptoms that are affecting various organs of the body that do not directly involve the joints. Therefore, symptoms in some patients with certain forms of Arthritis can also include
• fever,
• gland swelling (swollen lymph nodes),
• weight loss,
• fatigue,
• feeling unwell, and
• even symptoms from abnormalities of organs such as the lungs, heart, or kidneys.


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